The differentiation between conscious and unconscious has a very long tradition. Here we present it in a modified form. We assume that each person must decide to reduce complexity, which consciousness events he wishes to perceive and which ones should remain undetected. This decision-making framework is partly pre-determined (usually we do not consciously occupy ourselves with breathing, digestion or the grammar we use). On the other hand, it is shaped by one’s own experiences and events (i.e. one’s own personal history). Particular prominence has been given to the term ‘blind spot’. It means something comparable, something that others perceive, but not the person concerned. When something is conscious, it is given a meaning (but no meaning, when one does not accept feedback). In order to deal with the meaning of something (see reflection), it must, on the other hand, first be conscious. The shift of unconscious mental processes into consciousness is therefore regarded in many counselling schools as an essential feature of change (Freud: “Where ‘It’ was, it should be replaced with ‘I’). However, we differ very much from the classical deep psychological concept of fixed stages in the definition of consciousness (THE conscious, THE unconscious). In our procedural understanding of the psyche, psychological dynamics appear as a web of impulses, which are conscious or unconscious, reflected or automated, to differing degrees.